BDSM - FETISH - SEXUAL FANTASIES
Definition and Concepts
Definition of BDSM
BDSM is a term created to encompass a group of erotic practices and fantasies. It is an acronym that combines the resulting acronyms of Bondage and Discipline; Domination and Submission; Sadism and Masochism.
It covers, therefore, a series of practices and sexual hobbies related to each other and linked to what is called non-conventional or alternative sexualities.
Sometimes, in everyday speech, the expressions "sado" or "sadomasochism" are used to refer to BDSM, although both terms are misleading, because the practices covered by BDSM are varied and admit many different manifestations.
As an erotic practice, BDSM always relies on the consensus of the participants and is radically different from criminal sadism.
BDSM is a term created in 1990 to cover a group of erotic practices and fantasies. It is an acronym formed with the combination of the initials of the following pairs of words: Bondage and Discipline; Domination and Submission; and Sadism and Masochism.
Bondage and Discipline
«Bondage» is a term referring to the subjection that certain links imply, which is established in certain relations of subordination. Historically, in previous centuries, it was a term used to refer to the restrictive bond that united masters and slaves, or feudal lords and vassals. The term "bondage" is also usually associated with ties with ropes or other restriction elements, which are often used in BDSM, but linguistically the word "bondage" does not come from the English term bond, but from the English term bind. The erotic practices related to bondage then, are properly those that establish asymmetric power roles, such as master-slave, master-maid, chief-employee, teacher-student, police-detainee, owner-pet, etc. Improperly in practice this expression is also related to ties and restrictions for erotic purposes.
«Discipline» is a term that refers to erotic practices related to rules, punishments, training, behavior protocols, postures according to circumstances.
Domination and Submission
"Domination" is a term used to refer to erotic practices in which a person adopts a dominant role to act according to their will and their desire on another person or others who adopt a submissive role. The person in the dominant role commands and disposes. It is always about a domination constantly subject to the consensus and the limits established by the person who accepts to be dominated. The BDSM rejects any practice of domination, however minimal, that does not have the current consensus of the dominated person.
«Submission» is a term used to refer to the erotic practices in which a person adopts a submissive role in which he remains under the will of another or other people who adopt a dominant role. It is the complementary situation of domination, which is why we often speak of D / s relations. The person in the submissive role obeys or allows action on his body. It is always a situation of voluntary submission, within the framework of the limits established by the person who adopts the submissive role.
Sadism and Masochism
"Sadism" is a term that in this context is used to refer to erotic practices in which a person gets pleasure causing pain, humiliation or discomfort to another person who accepts that situation. It is always about voluntary practices that can not go beyond the limits established by the person who receives pain, humiliation or discomfort, and who can be stopped at any time. The person who adopts the sadistic role, at all times takes care of the situation of the person receiving the pain, humiliation or discomfort, in order to avoid any harm. It is an erotic practice that has no resemblance to criminal sadism.
"Masochism" is a term that in this context is used to refer to erotic practices in which a person gets pleasure experiencing pain, humiliation or discomfort, usually at the hands of another person who accepts that situation. It is always about voluntary practices that can not go beyond the limits established by the person who receives pain, humiliation or discomfort, and who can be stopped at any time.
Many activities framed in the BDSM have as a common element a situation of power transfer with erotic purpose, always voluntary, known in English with the expression Erotic Power Exchange (EPE or Erotic Power Exchange).
Some of the practices encompassed by the term, such as erotic humiliation, pain, submission and others, could not be understood apart from their involvement with a specific form of mutual pleasure, without which the aforementioned practices would be associated with unpleasant sensations. During a session (the time in which this exchange of power is practiced) the participants agree certain rules to guarantee that the practices are carried out in an environment of consensus and free will (known by the acronym SSC or sensible, safe and consensual).
Fetishism is not included in the erotic practices and tastes encompassed by the acronym BDSM. However, it is very common for many fetish practices to be inserted naturally in BDSM practices, as is the case with leather clothing (leather movement), the worship of feet and heels, certain sexual role-playing games, in which each party assumes one of Papers, such as teacher-student, doctor-patient, babysitter-baby (age play), pet training games and others, etc. BDSM is also sometimes associated with erotic practices or close cultures such as the Gothic subculture and vampirism.
History of BDSM
The term BDSM appeared for the first time in April 1991, around the Internet news forum called alt.sex, as the juxtaposition of two opposing abbreviations, BD (bondage and domination) and SM (sadomasochism), which had actually created, precisely, to distinguish the sadomasochism (which enjoyed a known bad image) from the "other" hobbies. Paradoxically, from the moment in which it is a matter of unifying both currents, it is when the subculture that encompasses them begins a vertiginous development. Given that BDSM is a word that covers very different terms, it is not easy to give it a history beyond the beginning of its use as an acronym, regardless of what corresponds to each of its components.
As a globalizing element, BDSM has scarce decades of life and begins when diverse associations of homosexual activists S / M of EE. UU and England try to create the same subcultural space for activities that until then were very different, such as domination, bondage, fetishism or sadomasochism. It is the age of the Old Guard, mid-1970s, and his bedside book is Leatherman's Handbook. During this period, the movement retains its link with the male homosexual world, without opening up to the hetero or homosexual spaces of women and rejecting the idea of admitting switch activists (that is, those who confessed comfortable in both roles) among their ranks. They also reject outright the admission of anyone who would consider the B / D and S / M relationships as just a game.
It is not until the beginning of the 80s when the BDSM movement begins to encompass also the heterosexual and lesbian culture, being promoters of this substantial change groups like the lesbian collective Samois and others.
At the beginning of the 90s, what we know today as the period of the New Guard (young or new guard), which is characterized by the decided opening towards the heterosexual world and of the female homosexuality, the acceptance of the switch phenomenon, the inclusion of elements of inner sensitivity (psychological domination, D / S relationships without the inclusion of sadomasochistic features, etc.), the acceptance of those who practiced the game only, and the active participation of heterosexual women in BDSM associationism.
Robert Bienvenu, reputed connoisseur of the subject and professor of sociology at the University of Indiana, United States, presents an alternative vision of the history of BDSM, which he bases on three pillars: the European fetishism of the late 1920s, the American (since 1934), and the leather movement from the 50s.
Agradecimientos. Este artículo contiene un extracto total-parcial extraído de lo publicado en wikipedia.org
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